Sports Medicine

Northwestern Scientists Create Synthetic Bone Using 3-D Printer

Kristen Thometz | September 28, 2016

New technology developed in Chicago could lead to major advances in healing broken bones and other sports medicine injuries.

Using a commercially available 3-D printer and custom ink formulation, Northwestern University researchers created a synthetic bone capable of stimulating new bone growth.

“Ideally, it would be great if we could have these printers in a hospital setting where we can provide them the hyper-elastic bone ink, and then they can make patient-specific implants that day,” said Ramille Shah, assistant professor in the department of materials science and engineering, and surgery transplant division at Northwestern University.

“I think that is a possibility with this material.”

When used in recent studies, these 3-D printed bones successfully repaired spinal injuries in rodents and a large skull defect in a monkey. Those findings are being published Wednesday in the peer-reviewed journal Science Translational Medicine.

Printing a better bone

Shah heads a research lab at Northwestern that has spent the last several years working on developing 3-D printable materials, including the development of 3-D inks for both biomedical and non-biomedical applications.

Through this work researchers developed a “unique 3-D ink formulation” that makes it possible to print 3-D objects primarily composed of the main mineral found in natural bone tissue, Shah said. The other component of the 3-D ink is both biocompatible and biodegradable.

The printed product, which researchers are calling hyper-elastic bone, is “highly elastic,” even though it’s primarily made up of material that tends to be “very brittle,” Shah said.

 

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Drue

Drue is Managing Partner for The De Angelis Group.

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