Am J Orthop, 2016
Autogenous bone graft remains the standard for augmenting the surgical care of severe fractures, promoting spinal fusion, filling bone voids, and treating nonunions. However, lingering problems with donor site morbidity, volume limitation, increased operative time, and increased case complexity have led to the growing use of bone graft substitutes.1 These alternatives include allograft bone, demineralized bone matrix, calcium sulfate and calcium phosphate, bioglass, growth factors (rhBMP-2, rhBMP-7, rhPDGF, and PRP [platelet-rich plasma]), collagen matrix, and new cellular-based compounds using mesenchymal stem cells. Since each individual class of bone substitute falls short of the optimal blend of osteoconduction, osteoinduction, and osteogenesis, novel composite grafts have been developed to combine the convenience, durability, and flexibility of synthetic grafts with the biologic activity of native bone.
Optecure+ccc (Exactech) is an engineered composite bone graft that contains demineralized bone mixed with gamma irradiated cortical cancellous chips in an absorbable synthetic hydrogel matrix (Figure). When mixed with saline, blood, autogenous bone, bone marrow aspirate, or PRP, it becomes a surprisingly robust and malleable 3-dimensional matrix that allows easy bone void filling with excellent osteoconductive and osteoinductive characteristics. Each individual lot is tested for sterility and endotoxin levels to confirm safety as well as in vivo testing in athymic mice to confirm osteoinductive potential. Optecure+ccc has been successfully used to augment healing when combined with bone marrow aspirate in minimally invasive spine fusion surgery.2